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What is on the Other Side of a Black Hole | Hole Picture


Scientists used a global network of telescopes In April 2017 to see and capture the first-ever photo of a black hole, according to an announcement made by researchers at the [NSF] National Science Foundation Wednesday morning. They captured a picture of the super and massive black hole and its shadow at the center of a galaxy known by the name of M87. Researchers remain baffled as to what is on the other side of the black hole.

The researchers said that this is considered to be the first direct visual evidence that black holes really exist. In the image, a central dark region is compressed by a ring of light that looks brighter on one side.

The massive galaxy is near the Virgo galaxy cluster 55 million light-years from Earth and it’s called Messier 87 or M87. This super enormous black hole has a mass that is 6.5 billion times that of our sun.

Sheperd Doeleman, director of the Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration said: “We have seen what we always thought to be unseeable, we have seen and taken a photo of a real black hole.”

what is on the other side of a black hole

The EHT also called the Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration is a global network of telescopes that captured the first photograph ever of a black hole. About 200 or more researchers were involved in this project in particular. They have been working for over a decade to make this happen. This project is named for the event horizon, the proposed border or boundary around a black hole which represents the point of no return, the point where no light or radiation can escape.


According to the European Southern Observatory, scientists combined the power of eight radio telescopes around the world by using very long baseline interferometry, In their attempt to capture a photograph of the black hole. This effectively creates a virtual telescope which can be around the same size as planet Earth itself.

The telescopes involved in creating the global array included APEX, ALMA, the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope, the IRAM 30-meter telescope, Alfonso Serrano, the Submillimeter Telescope, the Large Millimeter Telescope, the Submillimeter Array and finally the South Pole Telescope.

Daniel Marrone, associate professor of astronomy at the University of Arizona said that the observations were a coordinated dance in which they simultaneously pointed their telescopes in a carefully planned sequence, to make sure that those observations were truly simultaneous, so that they could see the same wavefront of light as it landed on each telescope, they used extremely precise atomic clocks at each of the telescopes.”


The telescope array collected around 5,000 trillion bytes of data over the period of two weeks, which was processed through supercomputers so that the scientists could finally retrieve the images.

will the sun become a black hole
speaks during the XXX portion of the 2010 Television Critics Association Press Tour at the Langham Hotel on January 14, 2010, in Pasadena, California.

The observation’s details were published in a series of six research papers in The Astrophysical Journal Letters.

What are black holes?


Black holes are mainly made up of very large amounts of matter squeezed into a very small area, and according to NASA, creating a massive force field which draws in everything near or around it, including light. They also have a way of super-heating the material around them and warping spacetime. Material accumulates around black holes, is heated to billions of degrees and reaches nearly the speed of light. And light bends around the gravity of the black hole, which creates this photon ring seen in the image.


The imaging methods used to capture this photograph reveal that this enormous black hole has a structure which is like a ring and a shadow, which is represented by a black and dark central region.

hole picture

chair of the EHT Science Council, Heino Falcke said that if immersed in a bright region, like a disc of glowing gas, they expect a black hole to create a dark region similar to a shadow which is something predicted by Einstein’s general relativity that we’ve never seen before, This shadow, reveals a lot about the nature of these fascinating objects and allowed us to measure the enormous mass of M87’s black hole and it was caused by the gravitational bending and capture of light by the event horizon.


The visual confirmation that came as a photograph of black holes acts as confirmation of Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity. In his theory, Einstein predicted that dense, compact regions of space would have such intense gravity that nothing will be able to escape them. But if heated materials taking the form of plasma surround the black hole and emit light, the event horizon could then be visible.

Paul T.P. Ho, EHT Board member and director of the East Asian Observatory said that once they were sure they had finally imaged the shadow, they could then compare their observations to extensive computer models that include the physics of superheated matter, warped space and strong magnetic fields. Many of the features of the observed photograph match surprisingly well with their theoretical understanding, this makes them confident even more about the interpretation of their observations, including the estimation they made about the black hole’s mass.

do we live in a black hole

M87’s black hole has a super enormous mass, which gave researchers every reason to believe it may be the largest viewable black hole from planet Earth. Supermassive black holes are actually small relative to other objects. This is why they could not be observed even for once before. Black hole’s size is directly linked to mass. The larger the black hole, the larger its shadow. the researchers said that black holes may look invisible, but the way they interact with the material and objects around them is the giveaway.

National Science Foundation director France Córdova said that black holes have sparked imaginations for decades, they have exotic properties and are totally mysterious to us. Yet, with many more observations similar to this one, and they are now yielding their secrets. This is why NSF exists. We make it possible for scientists and engineers to illuminate the unknown, to reveal the ultra-fine and complex majesty of our own universe.”

What is on the Other Side of a Black Hole?

One of the biggest mysteries in science is what is on the other side of a black hole. There are some theories that it could be very large black holes void of anything or anyone. The problem with this theory is that if there is nothing that can escape from a black hole, then what is on the other side of the hole would also be nothing or virtually impossible to find. This is one of the leading theories that scientists believe in but still cannot explain exactly what is on the other side of a black hole.

If you have ever had the experience of looking out at a starry sky from a place on earth that does not give you the greatest view, then you will know what it feels like to be gazing into the black abyss. The only way to see it in its true form is to enter a black hole, and even that can be a terrifying experience in and of itself. It is possible to go into a black hole, but there is no guarantee that you will come back out, so it is safer to assume that if you want to what is on the other side of a black hole, you will have to do so at the cost of your own life. This is because although not all of the matter that goes down inside a black hole is going to vaporize and return to the surface of the Earth, some of it will certainly evaporate and eventually come back down as some sort of matter, thereby impacting on our planet.

There are many theories as to what is on the other side of a black hole, but there is only one real way to know for sure: if you happen to spot a planet orbiting a very large (or very bright) star, then there is a very strong chance that the planet will pass through the hole on its way to the Earth. Even if the planet is not very big (which it might not be if it is circling around a very bright star), there is still a very strong chance that it will pass through. If you happen to be right on the front side of the hole when this happens, your planet could be vaporized, while your space ship would be destroyed upon reentry.

Although it is impossible to actually see what is on the other side of a black hole with the unaided eye, there are ways of knowing just what is happening at an infrared space telescope. Some infrared telescopes can actually look at black holes using very sensitive infrared cameras, and by looking at images taken by these telescopes, it is possible to tell exactly what is going on in the holes. Because infrared telescopes are so powerful, they can also peer through many atmospheres, including those found around stars. And by using multiple infrared telescopes, you can build up an even bigger picture of what is on the other side of a black hole than what is visible to the unaided eye.

Jack Guy contributed to this report.

Most read book of all time on the Black Hole here.


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Spanked As a Child Memories

spanked as a child memories

Spanked as a child memories is an experience that all children have had. No matter how you feel about spanking as a parent, it is a painful experience for all involved. While spanked children may express frustration or anger at their spanked peers, spanked children often do not comprehend the negative impact that spanking has on their lives. Spanked children lack self-confidence and are often not able to maintain a healthy social life. Spanked children often suffer from insecurity and they lack positive social relationships and end up being expelled from school.

Children who are regularly spanked as a child memories may not respond appropriately in school or at home.  If your child receives praise more than punishment, they will be more likely to be successful in life.

While some parents spank their children as a natural consequence for bad behavior, others  spank their children for entirely inappropriate reasons. For example, one parent might spank their child because they have misbehaved earlier in the day. The punishment would be the parent leaving the child alone. Another parent might spank their child for simply asking too many questions. These questions might include, “Why did you want to come into the classroom in the first place?” Or “Why did you ignore the teacher when he was trying to teach you?”

Some parents spank their children because they feel like they have become too controlling with them. As a parent, if you feel like your child is not listening to you, then it can be a useful way of disciplining them. But if you are spanked as a child memories, then you will likely become distant from them and they will start to dread your presence. They may also start to develop anger issues because they cannot take anymore abuse from you.

Parents need to realize that it is not okay to spank their children, no matter what anyone says. But, if you are only hitting them so hard that they can no longer function in society, it is not serving your purposes.  Parents who do not understand this need to spank their children on purpose in a way that is not violent or aggressive.

Parents who spank their children need to learn how to properly communicate with them. Learning how to properly communicate with your child, in a non-physically aggressive manner, can help you and your child to solve problems without using physical force.



The Era Of Spanking Is Finally Over

Years of research have shown that spanking children is really ineffective and can potentially be very harmful. These facts have led the American Academy of Pediatrics to recommend, in a new policy statement published Monday in the journal Pediatrics, that parents not spank, hit or slap their children. This announcement with 67,000 members from America’s leading group of pediatricians, is an update to the direction they issued in 1988 that suggested parents “be encouraged and assisted in developing methods other than spanking” to discipline kids.

His new statement is especially significant because it reflects decades of critical new research on the effects of corporal punishment and because parents and educators put enormous trust in pediatricians for disciplinary advice almost as much as they trust their own parents and partners. So, when pediatricians say that it is not good to spank, there is a high and good chance that parents will listen. This can be a very good thing because we will stop hitting our children in the name of discipline. And yes, spanking is just a kind way to say hitting children. We do not allow adults to hit other adults, but for some reason, American society has decided that it should be legal and even desirable for adults to hit their children. We need to end this double standard and provide children with the same protection from hitting that is given to all adults in America.


The good news is that a gradual change in norms is slowly happening. Hospitals across the US are implementing the “no-hit zones,” a policy that I personally have studied and advocated for, that do not allow hitting in any way, shape, or form, including parents spanking their children. City leaders in Stoughton, Wisconsin, and Madison Heights, Michigan, have turned their entire cities into “no-hit zones.” Similar to no-smoking zones, no-hit zones are implemented through social pressure to change behavior, not by jail time. campaigns such as no-hit zones, mainly if met with education campaigns about productive, effective discipline, are the first steps to change the conversation about spanking nationally.

Here are practical reasons to stop spanking. The main one is that it does not work. Some parents might say that it does for his child. A child may cry and stop what she is doing wrong in the moment, but numerous studies involving thousands of children show that spanking does not necessarily make children better behaved in the long term, and matter of fact, it makes their behavior grow worse. It can be hard for parents to see this in their day-to-day interactions with children, but the research is clear and simple: We consistently find that the more spanking a child gets, the more aggressive he or she will be in the long run.

moms spanking talk

Spanking also teaches children that it is acceptable to use physical violence to get what they want. It is thus no surprise that the more a  child is spanked, the more likely he is to be aggressive or to engage in delinquent behaviors like stealing and theft.

Millions and millions of parents have raised well-adjusted children without even touching them not to say spanking. Kids tend to thrive on attention from adults. Nothing is perfect, but telling children clearly what it is expected from them and then praising them when they do, it is by far the best approach if you want to discipline your children.

In order to see the spanking across our society reducing, we need changes within the social norm which makes hitting children acceptable. We already see hitting adults as something which is not acceptable, so we just need to expand this social norm a bit and include children in it. The process of changing social norms may be very challenging in some regions of the country, for example, the South, or in some minorities or communities, like our conservative Christian peer denominations, which have strongly held strong beliefs about the necessity of hitting children in order to discipline them. These social norms can be changed, but it will likely take some time and many conversations about our collective goals for our beloved children.

The majority of us adults who have spanked as a child memories were spanked by our parents and think we really “turned out to be OK.” Well, perhaps we did. But maybe we were super lucky that our parents did other things along with the spanking, like talking with us about what behaviors they wanted to see from us in the future, which helped us develop self-control and make good behavior choices in. Given the dozens of research studies declaring that spanking increases intensively the risk of harm to children, it seems that we “turned out OK” in spite of the spanking we got, not mainly because of it. We can finally be that generation of parents who decide to break this cycle of spanking and do better by the next generations of children. Let us teach them how to act and behave without spanking or even hitting.

Best way – No Drama Discipline here.


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State of Illinois is expunging marijuana convictions from nearly 800,000 criminal records | smoking pot

smoking pot

If you have been arrested for smoking pot or weed possession in Illinois, do not worry for you can breathe a sigh of relief.

JB Pritzker, Illinois Governor just signed HB 1438 this week, which makes cannabis legal inside the state for individuals who are 21-years-old and above, along with sweeping criminal justice reforms designed to help those whose lives have been upended by the state’s drug laws.

In addition to legalizing weed, the 610-page bill offers relief to over 770,000 residents of the state with marijuana-related offenses and charges on their criminal records, according to the Marijuana Policy Project.

A new law legalizes weed and helps those caught with it in the past

The new Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act of the state, which will take effect in 2020, allows people to receive clemency automatically for convictions up to 30 grams of cannabis. Those who are convicted with larger amounts, from 30-500 grams can entreaty the court to have the charge lifted.

The bill gives a definition to removal, “to destroy the records physically or to return them to the petitioner and to destroy the petitioner’s name from any index, official public record, or even both of them.” But the physical destruction of circuit court files is not required necessarily.

A “social equity program” is also included in the bill which makes it much easier for those with weed convictions to get business licenses. The program also allocates $12 million for startup businesses related to cannabis, as well as funding for job training programs in the state’s cannabis industry, the Marijuana Policy Project says.

The state’s Department of Agriculture and its community college board are creating pilot programs to get people ready to work in the newly legal industry, and the state will require them to focus on enrolling the low-income students into those programs.

Illinois is the latest state to liberalize its weed laws


Governor Pritzker is currently fulfilling a promise he made on his campaign trail, and is making Illinois the 11th US state to legalize marijuana officially. So far 18 states have decriminalized marijuana, the MPP says, and in all 34 states allow patients with health complaints to use medical marijuana.

And Illinois is the latest state to offer clemency for cannabis convictions. Last month Washington Gov. Jay Inslee signed a law that gave marijuana offenders the ability to have their sentences vacated in the state.

Smoking Pot – The Dangers of Your Own Smoking

cbd vs thc

Smoking pot is perhaps one of the most popular past-time activities of people who dabble in reefer-munching. However, smoking pot is a growing problem, both socially negative among its users, and laws against cannabis possession are being strengthened worldwide. This article intends to show why smoking pot can be an extremely destructive activity, and why anyone who chooses to smoke pot should consider quitting for the sake of their own health as well as the general wellbeing of other people around them. Ultimately, I believe that the social ramifications of smoking pot are far more serious than the temporary relief provided by the psychoactive effects of the drug; if you smoke pot, you’re going to mess around with the mind, body, and spirit, not to mention those around you.

The short term effects of marijuana use are fairly easy to foresee. When you first begin smoking pot, you will probably experience a sense of calm euphoria, energy, and creativity, particularly if using a product that has been infused with powerful herbal substances such as hops or ginger root. In short, you’ll feel a bit more “high” than usual; eventually, you’ll probably feel extremely alert, with a very clear head, a flushed face, and enhanced reflexes, but you’ll also notice that you may be less tolerant to colds and to the weather.

The long-term effects of smoking pot, however, are much less predictable, although there are some common aspects you should be aware of if you plan to give up smoking pot. Among these include the fact that continued use often leads to serious, even life-threatening problems including increased risks of diabetes, heart disease, car accidents, and asthma. Some of these problems develop slowly over time; others develop suddenly, especially if you have a family history. One of the biggest risks, according to many experts, is that long-term use can lead to the premature death of your lungs. This has been substantiated by recent studies.

If you’re worried about the long-term effects of smoking pot, then it’s probably high time you started thinking seriously about quitting. One of the easiest ways to avoid the health risks associated with vaporizing is to go straight to the medical route, by signing up for a dose of medication prescribed by your doctor. These medications are available over the counter in many locations, and they work wonders for many people who suffer from chronic diseases and serious health issues that affect their breathing. Unfortunately, many patients are still wary of utilizing medical marijuana because they are afraid of the side effects. Despite what most medical authorities tell us, using marijuana does not cause cancer or anything like that, and consuming the drug is not addictive in any way.

Many people who try smoking pot on their own eventually fall prey to the trap set up by inexperienced users who know just enough to get away with a joint or two, but not enough to know how potent their product is. This means that inexperienced users do not know the difference between high potency and low potency, and it takes them too long to adjust to their new routine. High potency marijuana is also much stronger than low potency, which can lead to uncomfortable side effects from becoming dependent on it. When you realize the dangers involved with long-term marijuana use, you’ll probably never even consider doing it again. So the real question becomes not what are the risks of marijuana use, but what are the risks of continued marijuana use.

Even if you don’t consider yourself to be a “career” or even a “boutique”, it doesn’t matter; your health is simply too important to risk. There are many reasons to legalize marijuana, ranging from the obvious to the less obvious, but the bottom line is that smoking pot can be dangerous, especially when you don’t know what you’re smoking. Smoking cannabis just might be the last thing you need to accomplish while you’re being distracted by other things.

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Where these pants when smoking pot.

Discover Gay Sexually Transmitted Diseases Symptoms in Men and Women

gay sexually transmitted diseases symptoms

What a great time we’ve had as the gay and lesbian community has grown. However, not everyone living with or passing through this world is aware of this growth. And while many may not even know they are infected, there are others who do. But what are the gay sexually transmitted diseases symptoms? Well, depending on if you have been exposed to the infection, these may vary from one person to the next. If your first experience was with an infected partner, chances are you may have certain indicators.

In the last several years, we’ve seen an amazing growth in awareness and information reaching out to those who may be infected. In fact, many resources now exist on the internet for the protection of those who may be infected. Most of these resources are informational sites that offer tips, advice and information on sexually transmitted disease (STDs). Some sites also offer testing for free or for a low cost. For those who year ago download from torrent sites, it is still possible to find a service that offers testing and provides information for free.

While some STDs do come with symptoms, many do not. In fact, they only show symptoms at one time. This is why it is very important to be aware of any type of recurring conditions. The best way to do this is to do a health screening for yourself at your regular doctor’s office or onsite. You can also purchase a small device called a urine-borne probe that will enable you to determine if you may be infected.

Let’s face it. Being uninfected can have its problems. While you may feel fine, it’s possible that you may have an underlying infection that is affecting other areas of your body. It can also be very embarrassing to deal with if you’re having symptoms, but you don’t have an infection. Here are a few things you should look for when it comes to symptoms:

If you have frequent and repeated episodes of vaginal discharge and itching, it may be a symptom of bacterial vaginosis. This is quite common among women. You may want to seek a health care professional for further testing. Bacterial Vaginosis is very uncomfortable and can have many negative effects. It may require more than one treatment to fully eliminate the symptoms.

Genital warts are another gay sexually transmitted diseases symptoms that may affect both men and women. You may notice small, rough bumps that are pink or gray in color on the genital area. They may be small or large and vary in size from a golf ball size to a pea size. They can appear in multiple places on the body but are most often located on the genitals. If left untreated, genital warts may lead to infection of the cervix and fallopian tubes which will have serious consequences.

Not all symptoms will show up at the same time. Some people may not show symptoms until it has progressed too far and then there are no visible symptoms. Other people may be diagnosed with an STD immediately upon becoming sexually active. Either way, it’s important to seek medical attention if you think you may have an STD so that you can receive the proper treatment. Untreated infections can lead to serious health problems such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and cancer of the reproductive organs.

Gay men do not have to put up with these gay sexually transmitted diseases symptoms any longer. Get yourself checked out today. There is no need to live with this problem any longer. Get the help you need today by learning about your STD and how to treat them.


A group of Christians was present at a pride parade to apologize for their treatment towards the LGBT community

Members of the Church of Freedom in Christ Ministries are apologizing on behalf of Christians at a gay pride parade in the Philippines.

Religion was one of the most powerful means to put down the LGBT community. But at a gay pride parade, this past weekend in Marikina, Philippines, a group of Christians gathered to say something which is totally different: I’m sorry.

The church of Freedom members in Christ Ministries stood in the entrance of the parade holding signs and banners which offered apologies for the LGBT community on how they’re treated by Christians.

Their signs read, “We’re here to show how sorry we are for the ways we Christians have harmed the LGBT community.”

Some of the banners had more personal sentiments.

One man’s sign stated, “Can we hug you?”

According to Kohlin Lallabban who is a parade-goer, many took the group up on their offer.

Lallabban said that It was so genuine and most of them were in tears when they saw them.

This demonstration was part of the “I’m Sorry” campaign the church organized, through which members try to apologize on behalf of their fellow Christians for the way biblical writings have been used brutally against the LGBT community.

In a post on its Facebook page, the church said this, “We don’t need people’s recognition but what we need is the heart-warming response of those who accepted our sincere apology motivates this campaign and encourages us to continue doing this mission of our church.”

Lallaban thinks that this act means an exceptional amount to the LGBT community in the Philippines, which has often been at odds because of the nation’s Catholic culture.

“It was just so empowering and heart whelming to have that kind of support from the very people who used to attack the movement and shunned us away.”

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Red White and Royal Blue


Sign Language Alphabet | Koko The Gorilla Who Mastered It



Koko, the gorilla who showed the world what great apes can do and mastered sign language alphabet, has passed away.

The Gorilla Foundation said in a statement that 46-year-old Koko died Tuesday in her sleep.

The release said that Koko touched the hearts of millions of people around the world as an ambassador for all gorillas, she was beloved and will be deeply missed for being an icon for inter species communication and empathy.

 She learned to communicate at a young age

The western lowland gorilla began to learn sign language early in life after she was born in 1971 at the San Francisco Zoo and.

She was then moved to Stanford by researchers in 1974 and established The Gorilla Foundation, a non-profit organization that works to preserve and protect gorillas all around the world.

The Gorilla Foundation later moved to the Santa Cruz Mountains along with Koko.

Koko liked to read and to be read to, she purred at parts of books she particularly enjoyed, The Gorilla Foundation said in a blog post.

The foundation said that she was very sweet and maternal toward kittens, and has had several kittens throughout her lifetime. Her “tenderness” showed people how soft, sweet, and loving a gorilla can be,

Koko managed to make a lot of friends like Fred Rogers, who appeared as Mr. Rogers on TV, and Robin Williams. She used sign language as a form of communication with them.

She was said to have understood around 2,000 words of English, and could usually keep up a conversation.

She taught the world about gorillas

The foundation says that Koko has taught the world a profound amount about the emotional capacity and cognitive abilities a gorilla can have.

Koko was the star in several documentaries and appeared twice on the cover of National Geographic. The foundation said that the first cover of the magazine featured a photo she’d taken of herself in a mirror.

sign language alphabet

Koko was promoted widely through appearances and the release of a picture book about her and one kitten that lived with her.

She has also been exhibited as a painter.

The foundation will continue with gorillas’ preservation and conservation using continued projects, while including a special sign language application featuring Koko.

Learn The American Sign Language Alphabet

is sign language universal

The American Sign Language (ASL) alphabet is extremely important when learning ASL.

The British Sign Language (BSL) is another important part of the sign language family. The British Sign Language is the language used in the Babbie signs that are used on the streets. These signs are very similar to the American ‘Q’ and ‘E’ alphabets. However, the British Sign Language has two versions: British English and American English. The British Sign Language is the language of the deaf and hard of hearing people who can’t speak or hear well, and it is spoken differently than American English by these people.

Both ASL and BSL have four main alphabets that are commonly used: the upper case ‘a’, lower case ‘a upper case ‘e’ and the middle case’m’. The British Sign Language (BSL) and American Sign Language (ASL) share some of the same alphabets. But there are differences in how the signs are used and in the way they’re presented.

In ASL the letter sounds are made by the lips moving from left to right and vice versa. In BSL the lips move in the same direction but the sound is different. In British English, the same sound is produced by making the letter ‘a’ sound followed by an open ‘a’ in the mouth. In American English the sound is made by the lips moving from right to left and then by closing the mouth as in the pronunciation of the word ‘the’.

As we have mentioned, the British Sign Language has its own alphabet. However, the American version is based on the British alphabet. This alphabet was designed so that deaf and hard of hearing individuals would be able to communicate with the wider public. It is the only language that uses the Roman alphabet. It also has special signs such as the sound ‘th’ for tone, and the sound’s’ for certain words.

For those who are learning American Sign Language (ASL) it’s important to learn the basic hand gestures associated with the sign language alphabet. For example, the sign for the letter ‘I’ is made by placing one’s hand on the tip of the ‘I’ finger and then bringing the hand down slowly to touch the bottom of the ‘I’ finger. The hand motion used for the sound ‘th’ is similar but using the thumb and fingers in a triangle shape. By doing these simple gestures over again you can learn the ASL signs. It’s important to be patient with this process, since it may take some time to get your hand motion down completely.

Many people think that the way American Sign Language works is similar to the way that the manual alphabet used to be used. Although you do move the hands and fingers of the person who uses sign language, the signals are not read the same way in both countries. The deaf sign language alphabets that are used in the United States and the United Kingdom differ because of many reasons.

For example, British Sign Language does not use the Roman alphabet, which has seven letters in each direction. The ASL deaf sign language alphabet, on the other hand, has twenty-two letters in each direction, including up and down and the beginning and end of the words. This is something that has caused some problems, especially for children who are learning to sign. But with a little patience and effort anyone can learn the sign language alphabet, including children who may have difficulties reading the text.

There’s A Team Of Retired U.S. Navy Seals And Police Detectives Fighting To End Human Trafficking


Around 7,621 cases of reported human trafficking were fielded by The National Human Trafficking Hotline in 2016 alone, including the young daughter of a couple identifies as Maureen and David. The girl had vanished with a friend of hers that January, Maureen and David contacted Saved in America (or SIAM) three weeks later, SIAM is a volunteer group of U.S. Navy Seals, police detectives, and other specialists. Within a week or so, they were able to locate and rescue the 16-year-old young daughter from the sex trafficking ring into which she had been sold. SIAM is a group determined to end human trafficking.

“People don’t realize that it’s going on in their own backyards.”

In fact, thanks to this San Diego-based group’s expertise in investigation, surveillance, and police collaboration, it has assisted in 57 successful child recoveries over 36 months, according to the SIAM website. And the group also connects the rescued juveniles with treatment and rehabilitation options.

Amid the human trafficking problem, SIAM fills an important role. The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children estimates that about 20 percent of runaways reported are sex trafficking young victims, according to its website, but “law enforcement is responsible for so much of that, they are constantly over-extended and are not legally required to perform due diligence to locate or find a ‘runaway’ child.”

And law enforcement officials are grateful for the help, judging by the testimonials on the SIAM website. “It is partnerships like this one that plays a significant role in law enforcement today, not only from a public safety perspective but also as an opportunity to make a big difference in the lives of those who have been victimized before,” A sheriff from Duval County, Fla., Mike Williams, wrote to the team.

San Diego County Chief Deputy District Attorney Summer Stephan told VICE News of private groups like Saved in America the following, “They can be a very helpful team because victims tend to not trust the police sometimes. You know, a private investigator doesn’t have the police’s power and athority, and so as long as they abide by their ethical duties and stay in their own lane and operating and providing useful information to the police, then we welcome them.”

Joseph Travers, a chaplain and private investigator, founded SIAM after hearing about the 2009 abduction and death of Brittanee Drexel. “I knew that prison gangs, street gangs, and cartels took over the drug trafficking business in the 1980s, and then they took over the sex trafficking at the end of the century,” he told the magazine. “When I read about the girl who disappeared off the face of the planet, I just knew gangs were involved in Brittanee Drexel’s case.”

Since founding SIAM, Travers has met with many parents just like Maureen and David, ones who are frustrated by the pace of law enforcement’s investigations. “Most of the parents are in a panic stage, and they’re waiting for something to happen,” Travers told VICE News. “So now the family is at a standstill. They have to go find their child on their own, and most people don’t know how to do that, so we fill that gap.”

His son, Joshua Travers, is a former U.S. Marine who now serves as SIAM’s Chief of Case Management. “People don’t realize this is going on in their own backyards. This is not in some far away country with some very poor people,” the younger Travers said to PEOPLE. “This could be your child, your next-door neighbor’s child, anyone’s child. A lot of these kids are from a middle-class family in the United States. They are not super poor or really involved in abuse or bad situations [at home].”

His father told VICE that they’re there for the parent as a resource, he thinks that the greatest thing that could happen is if Saved in America didn’t have to exist.”

End Human Trafficking and Sex Slavery

RESOLUTIONS IN 2021 made End Human Trafficking a national priority for all Americans. This law is part of a campaign against modern-day slavery that seeks to eradicate the demand for commercial sex acts in the United States and around the world. According to the U.S. State Department, at least 23 million people are subjected to forced labor and commercial sex acts each year. This trafficking crime is not only brutal, it is also largely unreported.

The first resolutions in 2021 recognized the plight of trafficked victims and called for greater attention to ending this modern-day form of slavery. Countries that have ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention on trafficking and are party to the International Labor Organization’s (ILO) Minimum Standards of Treatment provide services to trafficking victims including assistance with immigration and employment issues, protection and care, and victim assistance and protection. For example, Nepal has been an advocate for trafficking victims for over 15 years. Nepal has made great strides in protecting its trafficking victims. In 2021, Nepal adopted the “RIGHT TO WORK” policy that encourages employers to hire local workers and give reasonable notice before terminating their workers. The policy also requires that employers provide evidence of employment verification and provides funds to local intermediaries who help victims find jobs and assistance with immigration and residency issues.

Each year, thousands of victims are rescued from conditions that would have doomed them in life in poverty. By working closely with the Nepalese government and other international partners, we can support these victims and help them get instant access to quality health care and safe shelter. The United States is a strong partner in the global fight against modern-day slavery and we are committed to helping those in need through our various programs, one of which is the US ambassador-at-large for anti-human trafficking efforts. The US ambassador is a valuable resource to the government of Nepal in its efforts to end human trafficking and bring its victims to safety.

The role of the United States as a partner in ending the practice of human trafficking is most important in remote and hard-to-reach areas. As a result, it is crucial that the victims of human trafficking be able to get immediate access to medical care, safe shelter and legal assistance. A large number of victims do not know how to raise awareness about their rights and remain unaware of the resources available to them. The United States is dedicated to working with partner nations to strengthen security in border regions and to promoting development in underdeveloped countries so that they have the ability to secure their environments and promote economic development.

Working closely with Nepal, the United States is helping to strengthen its economy by providing direct financial and material resources to the country. Through the Nepal Human Trafficking Training Program, we are also assisting Nepalese officials to strengthen their anti-trafficking efforts and improve the identification and apprehension of trafficking victims. We recognize that not only does this improve the health and safety of the victims, it can also prevent potential trafficking by preventing the escape of victims and criminals. To strengthen our partner nations, the United States is providing over $1.25 million to support the Nepalese government’s anti-human trafficking efforts.

Ensuring that our personnel abroad are well-trained and equipped is an important role in ending human trafficking. It is important for law enforcement agencies, including law enforcement agencies in the State Department as well as local law enforcement agencies in the United States to work closely with our partners on a voluntary basis. In addition to regularly training these personnel in the areas of victim identification and victim recovery, these agencies should also develop protocols for responding to potential emergencies. For example, when and where to seek medical treatment, what to do if there are victims injured or missing, and other such issues. Such protocols should also include procedures for identifying and locating potential victims who may still be in the process of being trafficked.

By working closely with our foreign partners, we can further our efforts to end human trafficking and sex trafficking by highlighting the issues of these crimes. The Trafficking in Persons Act is a good example of this. This legislation has been created as part of our bilateral agreement with our foreign partners. To raise awareness on these issues, the United States is hosting a multi-stakeholder forum on combating human trafficking, which includes foreign countries, advocacy groups, law enforcement and civil society organizations, as well as affected families and trafficking survivors. The forum is a great place to begin to address the issues and to build a consensus for policy change.

A successful trafficking strategy will not be possible without the collaboration of all partners. Working closely with our partners, the United States can not only help to end human trafficking and sex trafficking on an international level, but also improve the safety and security for all those that have been subjected to this crime. By ensuring that our various anti-human trafficking programs are well-implemented and that our foreign partners are fully aware of their responsibilities in combating this horrible crime, the United States can strengthen its hand in dealing with this horrible problem once and for all.


Another most watched human trafficking video here.

This New Inspirational Hair Trend Is Embracing Your Natural Gray Hair


My mom is my great gray hair role model in my life. She stopped dyeing her hair years ago, embraced her amazing gray locks, and she hasn’t looked back since. She often gets compliments galore on her long, soft gray hair because it is really beautiful and just perfect. Just the fact that she embraced it confidently made me realize I never want to dye mine as well. There are certainly some grays which I’ve noticed sneaking into my own hair these days, and to be honest, I really love it. It adds a whole new dimension to my hair that wasn’t there before and inspires me to continue growing out gray hair.

The awesome women who run @grombre on Instagram are always celebrating the beauty that is gray hair. This movement is described as “a radical celebration of the gray hair natural phenomenon.” And I love it so god damn much. The @grombre Instagram account features beautiful, gorgeous women showing off their natural grays and telling their personal stories. Here are some of our favorite ones so far.


“I feel more confidence within me since I decided to let my grey hair shine,” this woman wrote.

growing out gray hair

“I dyed my hair a while ago and immediately regretted doing so; like I’d washed my identity away. While I’m still learning to deal with the new texture, I love seeing my tinsel tresses in the mirror!”

And I love the fact that she calls her hair “tinsel tresses!”

“Going gray has been a life changer for me,” one user wrote.

going gray before and after pictures

“I have a completely different outlook on aging and life in general. The process definitely gave me willpower I didn’t know I had. The journey is empowering! I love my hair! I love me!”

Empowered women can do anything!

Vickie wrote, “With my confidence and a head full of silver/gray hair I’ve begun to get more and more compliments as my hair color changed.”

gray brown hair

“Being myself, embracing my beautiful strands way before it became a thing has been and still is the best glamour decision I have ever made.”

Yes, Vickie!

Zoe is a baker and also looks like a glasses model.

gray hair transition

She is stunning! Just like her long, curly hair.

23 years old and gray. Stunning.

transitioning to gray hair


Greta wrote, “This is my hair! It was difficult to accept at 13, but at 23, I love it!”

Natalia let her hair go naturally gray without dying it when she was also 23 years old.

transition to grey hair with highlights

Most of the people that she encounters don’t realize that these are her natural locks.

People ask her who her hairdresser is all the time!

This 22-year-old has been going gray since she was six years old!

growing out grey hair

“I dyed my hair for more than ten years with everything I could get my hands on,” she wrote.

“Two years ago, I decided against coloring them. My greys are a part of my identity.”

“Going into the new year with saying goodbye to dying my hair,” this awesome woman wrote.

growing out grey hair with highlights

“It’s been 8 months since my last color job and I am embracing the change with hope and grace. Since my first grey hairs in middle school to my now 36th year of life, I felt it was time to live beyond black hair dye and let it shine. Looking forward to what the year may bring.”

Another woman started embracing her grays a year and a half ago.

white highlights

Now, she gets compliments on her hair every day, as she should!

Oh man, I love this pixie cut!

blending gray hair with highlights

She’s been watching her natural grays come in for eight months now, and they look awesome if I do say so myself.

“There’s no turning back now!” Suze wrote.

grombre“If you are on the fence about going silver, I say let that $@&# go! It’s not about looking younger, older, better, worse. It’s about feeling more like yourself and accepting the gifts as well as the downsides of aging.”

That’s great advice.

Maria wrote, “This journey is not just about embracing the outward woman but also making peace with the inner woman.”

grey coverage

So true. Going gray isn’t a choice, but deciding to embrace it is!

This might be the chicest photo I have ever seen.

white hair

Eve is rocking her pink sweater and gray curls.

How gorgeous is this woman? 

silver white hair
Vyshnavi wrote, “I have been gray for the better part of my life and have lived under the shadow of hair color for as long as I can remember… I just wanted to break free and accept myself as I am and this is a small step towards achieving that end.”

This was the “best decision!”

natural white hair

This woman says that deciding not to color her hair again was “the best decision I made.” Love it!

There are so much joy and confidence in her eyes.

silver hairstyles

This is how we should always be photographed.

“This is us.”

removing hair color to go grey

When this woman stopped dyeing her hair, her grandmother criticized her at first, but she said, “this was us. This was our hair. She finally stopped dyeing this year. And tonight, she complimented my hair.”

Nichole is thankful for the girl-boss graying community.

Nichole wrote, “Just wanted to give the biggest shout out to all my @grombre sisters. I’m so very thankful for this community, and without it, I don’t think I’d have gotten this far. Thank you all, for sharing these amazing journeys just to inspire us along the way. I’ve made it 14 months, thanks to you.”

This woman felt like she was “hiding something” she was supposed to be ashamed of when she was dyeing her hair.

silver hair


So, she decided to go gray five years ago and hasn’t looked back!

Going gray can teach you more about yourself.

grey hair color

This badass woman wrote, “Going gray was a huge game changer for me… It was like learning who I was all over again… same me in a different frame (of mind).”

This fairytale goddess is “profoundly happy.”

grey hair dye


She wrote that she had been seeing gray hairs growing since she was 13 years old, and she never dyed her hair for once. Furthermore, she has been growing it since 12 and she has entirely forfeited cutting it five years ago. She’s profoundly happy with the way it looks. The color and length combined are one of her favorite attributes.”

I love the color of her hair!

gray hair dye

This woman wrote that Deciding to let her white hair grow in naturally was a moment in which she accepted herself for who she is. “My hair color does not define my youth! I feel young, healthy, & beautiful. Having white natural hair is empowering!! Love not being controlled by societal standards of beauty but my own. I have never colored my hair…I love not being a slave to dyeing it. Not to mention it is massively better for my natural curls.”

Lhin went gray when she was in high school and used to dye it almost every month.

grey hair styles


She gave up on that four years ago, and now, “I want to shoutout for someone who is struggling with a similar story like me; keep being yourself and embrace it. Because you are absolutely gorgeous and beautiful in your own way!”

Jess wrote that women come up to her all the time and tell her she’s brave for going gray.

white hair dye

“To them, I say YOU ARE!! Stop buying into the lie that showing your age subtracts from your beauty…you are a stunning sex pot and each and every grey adds to that!”

This 26-year-old gave up on box dye and good thing she did because her hair is gorgeous.

salt and pepper hair


I love a gray streak like this and am honestly kind of jealous.

This woman is a straight-up silver fox.

silver highlights

This woman’s gray hair has allowed her to model for stock photos and earned her the nickname “Silver Fox” from her husband. I’ll say!

Listen to these wise words from Lashawnda:

black and white hair


“I will always share the experiences that shaped me into being a better human being. My daily goal is not to live in perfection but in gratitude and peace. If that inspires you to laugh or think about something in a different way, well then we are in sync and running toward our life together.”

I absolutely love the color and look of this woman’s hair!

grey highlights

It looks so soft, which is definitely not a creepy thing to say, right?

Natalie never thought she would love going gray, but she gets so many compliments on her hair.

shampoo for gray hair

It’s because it is beautiful, Natalie!

This woman, who goes by @SilverByChoice on Instagram.

black and silver hair

She says that she went gray at 27 and got bored with dyeing her hair at 43. Love it!

Share this with a silver fox in your own life!

Things You Need to Know About Growing Out Gray Hair

Going gray naturally takes careful planning. Your stylist is going to provide you with the most accurate professional guidance. There are numerous salon styling techniques which will help ease the natural transition from naturally black to gray. Your current hair color and skin tone must be taken into account. Professional advice from a qualified beautician will be invaluable in making this decision.

Gray hair can be quite delicate so lowlights should never be used on the roots. Lowlights can make your roots appear bushy. Gray roots can also appear unnatural because of too many dark hairs in the mixture. Gray hair on the roots does not have the same natural thickness as when the roots are light. You want to create the illusion of thickness, so keep your roots lightened.

Even though highlights are the most flattering way to go when Gray hair, they are not always necessary. If you really want a gray look but your roots still need some added color, you may consider using natural color in your hair. Natural grays and roots are much softer than the darker shades used in lowlights.

Gray hair can be tricky to manage at first but if you use proper styling techniques, you can make it look much more manageable. Gray highlights can really make your roots stand out, but try to stay away from them. Deep striking grays or lowlights worn with a natural hairstyle can draw attention to your roots while also providing a stylish look. Gray growth can also be slowed down by adding textured or curl free hairstyles.

Gray hair can be very difficult to handle initially, but it can be made easier with the use of heat protectant products. Gray hair becomes very brittle after it breaks from growing out, so it’s important to make sure that it is taken care of properly and doesn’t break because of extreme temperatures. It can be extremely damaging to grow out highlights in this stage of development as they can rip, split, and wear away on the roots. Always use the low temperature, chemical-free products on your Gray hairs. Also keep a mister handy at all times as you will be able to use it during blow drying, brushing, and rinsing.

After Gray, there are a few things that you can do to make your Gray hair much easier to manage for growing out gray hair. Gray hairs are typically drier than other types of hair, which makes shampooing them much easier than it usually is.

You will also want to make sure that you are not washing your Gray hair too often. Gray hair grows very slowly, so you will have to allow your Gray hair to transition between lighter and darker shades naturally. If you wash your Gray hair too frequently, it will take longer to transition between colors and suffer from breakage. It’s important that you choose the proper hair color for your natural skin tone and use your best judgment when choosing a hair color. If you are unsure, then consider hiring a professional stylist to help you with the transition and growing out gray hair.

Probably the most popular way to go gray is to use dye. The best way to dye your hair will depend largely on how fast your hair grows and how much dye you want to put on each strand. For fast growing hair, you may dye your hair every two weeks. For slow-growing or medium-length hair, you might dye your hair every month. Visit our homepage for a directory of more unique articles.


All time best hair color here.

A proposed bill will make a federal crime out of animal cruelty

animal protective services
The Humane Society of the United States joins the Jefferson County Sheriff's Office in the life saving mission for more than 60 dogs in a suspected cruelty case in Jefferson County Arkansas on Wednesday, June 29, 2016. (Photo/Meredith Lee)

Animal Protective Services reports that one of more than 60 dogs in a suspected cruelty case in Jefferson County Arkansas in 2016.

A Democrat and a Republican which are two lawmakers have proposed a bill that will make a federal felony out of animal cruelty.

Congressman Ted Deutch and Vern Buchanan, both from Florida, think the PACT Act will close a gap that’s existed for years.

Federal law prohibits animal fighting. And it also makes animal cruelty a criminal act if the wrongdoers create and sell videos depicting the act.

But the PACT Act which stands for Preventing Animal Torture and cruelty will extend the scope of prosecutors.

For instance, all the 50 states of America have laws in their books against animal cruelty on the state level right now. But what if the animal being tortured is across the state lines?

Authorities can go after the wrongdoers because they have federal jurisdiction if the bill passes, and they can prosecute criminals too if the cruelty occurs on federal property.

Rep. Deutch said that this is only commonsense, bipartisan legislation to bring some compassion to our animal bills and laws, and he says that they have acted in the past to stop the horrific trend of posting animal abuse videos; and now it’s finally time to see the underlying acts of cruelty as a crime as well.

A person can be prosecuted for burning, drowning, crushing, suffocating, impaling animals, and sexually exploiting them under the PACT Act.

The legislation contains exceptions for hunting.

The bill has been endorsed by the National Sheriffs Association and the Fraternal Order of Police. Those who will be convicted under the PACT Act would face fines, federal felony charges, and up to seven years to spend in prison.

How To Get Information About Animal Protective Services

If you have an animal that is causing you grief or if your pet is acting out of the ordinary, you may need animal protective services. An animal shelter or an animal welfare agency is an organization charged with taking care of requests for assistance with animals ranging from stray animals, wild animals, domestic animals in trouble, or animals in need of medical attention. These organizations are also called animal welfare associations and participate in seminars to train people about proper handling of animals and about animal laws that are enforced in a variety of jurisdictions.

Many people think these agencies are just for enforcing animal laws, but they are much more. Some of their duties include investigating animal cruelty, suspected abuse, neglect, and other forms of abuse and neglect. They also handle cases of euthanasia, inhumane treatment, and other unneeded surgical procedures. They educate the public and law enforcement on proper handling of animals and provide referrals to qualified animal healthcare providers when needed. These organizations also provide free or low cost animal sheltering, spaying/neutering, and other necessary services and resources to families with pets.

If you suspect that your pet is suffering from abuse, you should contact animal control for further information. When you call the animal control center, one of the first things that will be discussed is how you can take care of the situation. It is important to realize that animal control is not the same as animal rescue. While animal rescue takes in abused or abandoned animals; animal control deals with strays, lost, stolen, neglected, and surplus animals. The center has officers who are trained to handle various situations involving animals and are familiar with investigating animal cruelty.

Many cities and towns have ordinances that are designed to prevent the mistreatment or injury of pets. Many communities have adopted a “nuisance” ordinance, which outlines the type of behavior that will cause a resident to be arrested. In many areas, animal protective services are equipped with video cameras, signs, and yard signs that allow community members to identify any problems as soon as they arise. The purpose of these animal control officers is to allow dogs off-leash at designated areas on a leash. Once an animal is wandering off-leash, it must be returned to its yard and not allowed to wander free again. Failure to return to its yard within a reasonable amount of time will result in a citation or fine.

If a pet owner does not follow these laws, the local humane society for the prevention of cruelty to animals will step in to help. Humane law enforcement officers are always available to handle any situation that may come up. Although some people feel that humane law enforcement officers are overbearing and over-regulating, most animal advocates agree that humane officers are often very understanding, caring, and informative. If you have any questions about what you can expect from a humane society officer, you should contact the humane society for further information.

Many cities have their own animal abuse Hotlines that you can call when you believe your loved pet might be abused. Many cities even have hotline numbers where you can leave a report and get immediate professional and compassionate care. For example, in Columbus, Ohio, there is the Columbus Humane Society. Their phone number is (614) 622-6123. Other cities with hotlines you can call our Elkhart, Toledo and Warren.

Other areas of the country have similar programs, like the National Law Enforcement Association. They have a national animal abuse hotline you can call. The number is (800) 599-4000. If you are a victim of animal neglect or abuse, you should call the animal protective services of your local law enforcement agency. Most law enforcement officers are familiar with the services these organizations provide.

Remember, the animal protective services officers will interview you about the incident. They will also ask you if you knew the animal was ill before they arrested the suspect. Now that you know what to expect when contacting the humane societies, you can rest easy knowing you are making a difference in the lives of pets and those around them. Contact your local animal protective services today!  Make sure you visit our blog page for the latest news articles for today.


Most sold of all time doggie poop bags here.

The US has had 57 times as many school shootings as the G7 countries


School shootings are becoming a reality in America, an average of one shooting per week just this year alone.

But how does America compare with other countries around the world?

That’s difficult to measure because very little research was made to quantify this.

For the purposes of this kind of analysis, we followed certain criteria you will find below.

The scope: 

First, we looked at G7 countries, the countries with the fast-growing and largest advanced economies in the world.

The countries are as follows, Canada, the US, Japan, Germany, Italy, France, the UK.

The period of time: From the 1st of January, 2009 to May 21st, 2018.

Definition: The parameters we followed in this count are as follows:

  • The shooting must involve at least 1 person being shot (with the shooter not being included)
  • Shooting must occur on school grounds
  • We included domestic violence, gang violence, and fights (but our count is NOT limited to these categories alone)
  • We included school grades, Kindergarten through college/university level as well as a vocational school.
  • We included accidental discharge of a weapon or a firearm as long as the first two parameters are met

Analysis: For US stats, CNN reviewed a variety of databases and media reports including those from the Gun Violence Archive and Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems. And we looked at local and national media reports for international stats.


The caution: Reporting on non-fatal school shootings is not available always. There may be school shootings with injuries that didn’t make it into the newspaper or other digital publications at all and therefore are not counted in databases that rely mainly on media reports. This is true for shootings inside the US and elsewhere.

we found this:

There have been at least 288 school shootings in the US alone since January the 1st, 2009.

That’s exactly 57 times as many shootings as the other six G7 countries stats combined.

Broadening out the list

Next, we wanted to broaden our list out to include some countries that were mentioned in a few of the viral posts that were going around this weekend.

the casualty count is very high in some incidents (the Peshawar siegethe Kenya attack). But the US still leads by a wide margin when it comes to the frequency of attacks.

Black men are succeeding in America



In these recent years, most of the racial news in America has been sobering, if not depressing. Trayvon Martin. Tamir Rice. Walter Scott. Ferguson. Baltimore. And Charlottesville. like Ta-Nehisi Coates, many public commentators have underlined the enduring character of racism in America, and the ways America’s racial divide has exacted a particular kind of tolls on black boys and men, there is today, unheralded, good news for African-American men.

Despite all the race relations that always portrays negativity, especially regarding African-American men (many Americans, according to a study done in 2006 by the Kaiser Family Foundation, Washington Post, and Harvard University, which shows  that unemployment, poverty, and crime are endemic among African-American men), the truth is that most of African-Americans in America will not beincarcerated, are not unemployed, and are not poor even if black men are more likely to experience these outcomes than other men to experience these outcomes.

Matter of fact, millions of black men are prospering in America today.

Our newest report, “Black Men Making It In America,” spotlights two pieces of particular good news about the economic well-being of African-American males.

First, the share of poverty within black men has fallen from 41% in 1960 to 18% today. Second, and the most important, the share Of African-American males in the middle or upper class as measured by their family yearly income has risen from 38% in 1960 to 57% today. In other words, about one in every two black men in America have reached the middle class or higher.

This wonderful news is important and should be widely spread because it might help reduce prejudicial views towards black males in the society at large, and negative representations of black men in the media. It should also generate hope among all African-Americans particularly the young black males.

Correcting overly negative representation and attitudes regarding black men is important because they form and shape how black men are treated within society, and how black males view their potential. Executive director of Opportunity Agenda, a social justice organization Alan Jenkins, said that “Experience and research show that expectations and prejudice on the part of potential employers, police officers, teachers, health care providers, and other stakeholders influence the life outcomes of thousands or even millions of black males.”

So, what roads are black men taking to make it in the United States?

we were able to identify three factors that are associated with their success: education, work, and marriage by tracking black males from young adulthood through their 50s using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979.

Black males who were married, worked full-time, or had some college education were more likely to be part of the middle or upper class by the time they got to their 50s. For instance, we found that the odds that black males who make it to the middle or upper class are more likely to get married by a rate which is three times higher, compared to their rivals who never married. Their financial status is better and higher mostly because married black women contribute a higher share of income to their household than any other married women.

Adding to the chances of black men achieving middle or upper class and higher status is the US military. We found that the service in the military was associated with a 72 percent increase in the odds that black males made it into the middle class or higher as 50 something men.

By providing good health care, stable work, housing, and opportunities for advancement,


By providing stable work, good health care, housing, and opportunities for advancement, by supporting virtues such as responsibility, duty, loyalty, and perseverance, and by pushing racial integration, the US military has served as an important factor and route into the middle class.

Moreover, the US military is also known for the marriage-oriented culture, and we found that black males who served in the military as young men were more likely to be married later on after the service, at ages 29-37, compared to their rivals who did not serve at all. This marriage advantage played a huge role in boosting their odds of being successful.

Of course, the story behind our report is not all rose-colored. Black males are significantly less likely to make it into the middle or the upper class than their white rivals and Asian-American peers. The rates of black men in their 50s making it to the middle class were about 60% lower for those who were charged with a crime as a young man.

Regarding the fact that poverty, racial segregation, and bias affect the probability that young black men will get caught up in the criminal justice system, systemic racism limits the economic fortunes black males might have. What’s more right now, only a small portion of black males graduate from college: 17%. Schools and colleges in the US need to do more and more to identify, recruit, and support young black males so they are accepted, make sure they attend, and graduate from four-year colleges and universities in America.


among all that is wrong about race in America, we cannot disregard two sets of social facts: today, about one in every two black men have made it in America, and these men have crossed long paths into the middle class that can be replicated.

The evidence suggests that if more Americans knew about how many black men were succeeding today, and more about the routes they are taking towards that success, it would most definitely reduce racial prejudice and generate hope among today’s young black men that they too have a shot at making it in America now.

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